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Global MgB2 powder market trend 2024-2029 What is Magnesium Boride MgB2 Powder? by Newspingsnyc

The European Commission has submitted to member states a new draft of sanctions against Russia, including an oil embargo. Some member states that rely heavily on Russian energy sought exemptions.  

Western media reported that the European Commission draft of the sixth round of sanctions against Russia includes within six to eight months gradually banning oil imports from Russia, but allowing Hungary and Slovakia to extend the transition period for several months; The Russian Savings bank and other large financial institutions on the sanctions list.  

The European Union has imported 44 billion euros of fossil fuels from Russia since Russia launched its special military operation against Ukraine in late February, according to Finland's Energy and Clean Air Research Center.  

The Institute for European and Global Economics in Brussels estimates that the European Union currently consumes about $450 million worth of Russian oil a day.  

Among EU members, landlocked Hungary and Slovakia, which import most of their oil from Russia, cannot quickly find alternative supplies.  Slovakia says the transition will take years.  Some officials believe Bulgaria and the Czech Republic may also seek to opt out of oil sanctions against Russia.

Affected by the ever-changing international situation, the supply and prices of international bulk MgB2 powder are still very uncertain.

Introduction to Magnesium Boride MgB2 Powder
Magnesium diboride or magnesium boride, chemical formula MgB2, is an ionic compound with a hexagonal crystal structure.
It is an intercalated compound with alternating layers of magnesium and boron. The magnesium atomic layer has a triangular structure, and the boron atomic layer has a regular hexagonal honeycomb structure, which is similar to graphite.
Magnesium diboride is a hard and brittle substance with poor ductility.
 

Superconductivity of Magnesium Diboride MgB2 Powder
Researchers discovered in 2001 that the seemingly unremarkable magnesium boride turns into a superconductor at temperatures slightly closer to the absolute temperature of 40K (-233 ° C). Its transition temperature is almost twice that of other similar superconductors, and its actual operating temperature is 20 to 30K. The temperature can be cooled by liquid neon, liquid hydrogen, or a closed circulating freezer. These methods are simple and cost-effective compared to industrial cooling of niobium alloys (4K) with liquid helium.
Once doped with carbon or other impurities, magnesium boride is even better than niobium alloys at maintaining superconductivity in the presence of a magnetic field or current. Potential applications include superconducting magnets, power transmission lines, and sensitive magnetic field detectors.
 

Magnesium Boride MgB2 Powder Properties
Other Names magnesium boride powder, MgB2
CAS No. 12007-25-9
Compound Formula MgB2
Molecular Weight 45.927
Appearance gray to black powder
Melting Point 830°C
Boiling Point N/A
Density 2.57g/cm3
Solubility in H2O N/A
Exact Mass 46.003653

 

Magnesium Diboride MgB2 Powder CAS 12007-25-9
 

 
Applications of Magnesium Boride MgB2 Powder
Superconductors:
Superconducting properties and low cost make magnesium diboride attractive in a variety of applications. For these applications, MgB2 powder is compressed into the wire with silver metal (or 316 stainless steel), sometimes through a powder in tube process to make tapes.
Thin coatings can be used in superconducting rf cavities to minimize energy loss and reduce the inefficiency of liquid helium cooling niobium cavities. 
Due to the low cost of its components, MgB2 is expected to be used in superconducting medium and low field magnets, motors and generators, fault current limiters and current leads.
 
Propellants, explosives, fireworks: 
Unlike the element boron, which burns incompletely through a glassy oxide layer that impedes oxygen diffusion, magnesium diboride burns completely when ignited in oxygen or in a mixture with an oxidant. Therefore, magnesium boride has been proposed as a ramjet fuel. In addition, the use of MgB2 in explosive-enhanced explosives and propellants has been proposed for the same reason. It was recently demonstrated that decoy flares containing magnesium diboride/PTFE/FLUORO rubber improved spectral efficiency by 30-60% compared to classic magnesium/Teflon/fluororubber (MTV) payloads. The application of magnesium diboride in rocket propulsion was also studied, where the compound was mixed in paraffin fuel particles to improve mechanical properties and combustion characteristics.
 

Main Supplier of Magnesium Boride MgB2 Powder
Luoyang Tongrun Nano Technology Co. Ltd. (TRUNNANO) is a trusted global chemical material supplier & manufacturer with over 12-year-experience in providing super high-quality chemicals and Nanomaterials, including silicon powder, nitride powder, graphite powder, zinc sulfide, calcium nitride, 3D printing powder, etc.
If you are looking for high-quality magnesium boride MgB2 powder, please feel free to contact us and send an inquiry. ([email protected])

 

The resurgence of the global COVID-19 pandemic and the impact of the Russia-Ukraine conflict continued to cause high volatility in commodity prices. Stubbornly high inflation and rising commodity prices are likely to influence each other and thus push each other higher. The price of the MgB2 powder may not decrease significantly in the short term.

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