Russia's insistence on paying for Russian gas in rubles has rattled European countries: Greece held an emergency meeting of suppliers, the Dutch government would urge consumers to use less gas, and the French energy regulator told consumers not to panic. Russian gas meets one-third of Europe's annual energy needs.
Russia said they could expand their demand for ruble payments for other commodities, including oil, grain, fertilizer, coal, and metals, which raised the risk of recession in Europe and the US.
Moscow is expected to unveil its ruble payment plan in early April, but it said it would not immediately ask buyers to pay for gas in rubles.
Western countries have said paying in rubles would be a breach of contract, and renegotiation could take months or longer. This uncertainty has pushed commodity market prices higher.
The supply and prices of other commodities like the AlN powder could also be affected.
Aluminum Nitride Applications
Due to the piezoelectric properties of aluminum nitride, epitaxially grown thin films of crystalline Aluminum nitride are used for surface acoustic sensors (SAW) deposited on silicon wafers. One application is an RF filter, widely used in mobile phones, called a thin-film bulk acoustic resonator (FBAR). This is a MEMS device that uses aluminum nitride sandwiched between two metal layers.
AlN is also used to construct piezoelectric micromechanical ultrasonic transducers that emit and receive an ultrasound and can be used for aerial ranging at distances up to one meter.
Metallization allows AlN to be used in electronic applications similar to alumina and beryllium oxide. AlN nanotubes, as inorganic quasi-one-dimensional nanotubes, with isoelectronic carbon nanotubes, have been proposed as chemical sensors for toxic gases.
Currently, there is a lot of research into the development of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) that operate under ULTRAVIOLET light using gallium nitride-based semiconductors. Using aluminum gallium nitride alloys, wavelengths as short as 250 nm have been achieved. In 2006, inefficient AlN LED emission at 210 nm was reported.
AlN application industries include:
Dielectric layer in an optical storage medium,
The electronic substrate, chip carrier that needs a high thermal conductivity,
As a crucible for growing gallium arsenide crystals,
Steel and semiconductor manufacturing.
Aluminum Nitride Difficulties
At present, aluminum nitride also has some problems.
First, the powder is easy to form aluminum hydroxide with a hydroxy group in the wet environment, and the alumina layer is formed on the surface of AlN powder. The alumina lattice is dissolved into a large amount of oxygen, which reduces its thermal conductivity but also changes its physical and chemical properties, bringing difficulties to the application of AlN powder. The inhibition of hydrolysis treatment of AlN powder is mainly to coat the surface of AlN particles with a substance using a chemical bond or physical adsorption to isolate them from water, to avoid the occurrence of a hydrolysis reaction. At present, the main methods of inhibiting hydrolysis treatment are surface chemical modification and surface physical coating.
Second, the high price of aluminum nitride limits its application to a certain extent. The preparation of aluminum nitride powder generally requires a high temperature, which leads to high energy consumption in the process of production and preparation, and at the same time, there are safety risks, which is also the main drawback that some high-temperature preparation methods cannot achieve industrial production. Moreover, the impurities in the process of production preparation added to the production of harmful products or problems, such as excessive carbon reduction reaction carbide powder removal problems, as well as the chemical vapor deposition method of by-product hydrogen chloride removal problems, which require the preparation of aluminum nitride for reaction products in the process of the purification, it also led to the preparation of aluminum nitride production cost is high.
Aluminum Nitride Price
The price is influenced by many factors including the supply and demand in the market, industry trends, economic activity, market sentiment, and unexpected events.
If you are looking for the latest AlN price, you can send us your inquiry for a quote. ([email protected])
Aluminum Nitride Supplier
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With Russia taking the lead on Poland and Bulgaria at the end of last month, there appears to be a growing sense of compromise within the EU over whether to accept Moscow's proposed rouble settlement order.
Italy's prime minister said recently that European companies would be able to buy gas in roubles without violating sanctions. This apparently ignores the guidance of hardliners in the EU to "fight to the end".
For weeks, European companies have been trying to find ways to meet Russia's payment demands for the rouble while maintaining vital gas supplies without violating sanctions against Moscow.
Late last month, European Commission President Von der Leyen said operating under the mechanism would violate sanctions and asked European companies not to bow to Russian demands. However, the EU has yet to issue more rigorous written guidelines on how companies should pay Gazprom.
The Italian prime minister said recently, "There is no official announcement from the European Union about what ruble settlement means for sanctions violations, and no one has said whether ruble payments violate sanctions or not. It's a grey area."
"In fact, most gas importers are already opening rouble accounts for deals with Gazprom,"
He also used German companies as a shield. He said Germany's largest gas importer had already paid in rubles. "In fact, we saw evidence yesterday that the largest gas importer in Germany has already paid in rubles."
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